Its dramatic landscapes have been hundreds of millions of years in the making. Mankind’s contributions to this landscape are but the most recently written pages in a book which is still taking shape.
Change continues to affect the Geopark. If you catch sight of the Usk in flood, then you are witness to the rich red rocks and soils of the Geopark making another part of their journey from the mountains to the sea. The varying fortunes of the farming industry and the gathering pace of climate change are two more influences on this ever altering landscape.
Some changes can be influenced by decisions we make about how the landscape is managed. Landscapes and wildlife habitats which are held to be especially valuable have been given a variety of designations. Each one brings along with it restrictions, incentives and opportunities in various measure.
Within Fforest Fawr Geopark you will find examples of the following designations:
- national park
- sites of special scientific interest (SSSIs)
- national nature reserves (NNRs)
- local nature reserves (LNRs)
- special areas of conservation (SACs)
- scheduled ancient monuments (SAMs)
- regionally important geological/geomorphological sites (RIGS)
A project to audit the geological sites of South East Wales, including the entire Geopark, which began in late 2008 was completed in early 2012. It has resulted in the designation of dozens of ‘regionally important geological / geomorphological sites (or ‘RIGS’) within the Geopark and many more beyond its borders. It has also lead to the recognition of numerous ‘sites of interest for nature conservation’ (or ‘SINCs’). A RIGS group comprising interested and knowledgeable individuals drawn from a range of organisations and none, was established for the region in February 2013; its focus includes the whole of Fforest Fawr Geopark. The group will engage in geoconservation activities and promotion of the understanding of RIGS sites – please visit its website for more information.
The agri-environment scheme Tir Gofal operates within the area.
You can find more information on landscape and wildlife designations on the Countryside Council for Wales website.
Doing your bit
Protecting and conserving this landscape is not just down to government and local authorities; each of us can make a difference too. Fforest Fawr Geopark is there to be enjoyed: if we can understand and respect it as well, then we will help to ensure that its special qualities remain.
Fforest Fawr Geopark is signatory to the European Geoparks Network Charter which forbids the sale of fossils and mineral specimens by its partner organisations. Fossils are a limited resource – by definition they do not breed!
The Geopark does not permit the sale of fossils by its partners nor does it promote the collection of fossils from within its boundaries, indeed their collection from many of the sites listed above is forbidden by law. However you are very welcome to take away photographs and memories of days spent enjoying getting to know the area’s earlier residents!